With growing acuteness modern Pedagogy presents the problem of children who have an irregular conduct. The conception of «niño difícil», i. e. the child whom Americans call child-problem coincides with that of illicit reaction or lack of adjustment. In this article the author studies the causes of lack of adjustment which are summed up in two large groups: a) constitutional causes; and b) environment influences principally those of a familiar type. In the first case the relationships between the educability of the subject and the different biotypical clasifications are pointed out. In the second group the origin of children's conflicts with respect to the «parents-children» position is studied. In both cases it is presented the problem of conditioning educational activity to the position of the individual in whom the causes of internal conflict or constitutional causes as well as the external causes are frequently involved.

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