Pedagogic humanism in Contemporary Spain (1875-1951)


With the restoration of the monarchy in Spain (1875) and after the 1876 Constitution two tendencies of pedagogic humanism arose: a) republican institutionalism which had its roots and directions in the Free Institution of Teaching and received later influences from reformist and radical republicanism, from Fernando de los Ríos democratic socialism and the new European school and until the unique school of the second Spanish Republic was founded; b) Christian humanism (catholic and social) which was encouraged by the Leon XIII and Pius XI encyclicals and with contributions from Andrés Manjón, Rufino Blanco, R. Ruiz Amado, and social and educational institutions -A.C.N. de P. (National Catholic Association of Propagators) and the F.A.E. (The Teaching Friends Federation)- inspired the national school during the first Franco«s period.

Key words: Pedagogic Humanism. Free Institution Teaching. Christian Humanism. History of Spanish Education in the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries. The common school. The national school

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