Pluralismo educativo y niños vulnerables




Once again Spain has adopted a compre­hensive education law. It is not my place, nor am I competent, to comment on the contro-versial process leading to this legislation, nor to its changes in the framework for the provi­sion of schooling. The legislation offers an ap­propriate occasion, however, to seek answers to several questions relevant to every free so­ciety: What are the appropriate scope and limit of any government’s role, in a free society, in the formation of its citizens? How have these changed in a time of growing cultural conflict? What arrangements for schooling are best suit­ed to accommodating deeply-rooted cultural di-visions while nurturing the qualities that cit­izens should possess? How can these arrange­ments serve as a vehicle for both freedom and justice, especially for those children who are most vulnerable?

Please, cite this article as follows: Glenn, C. L. (2022). Pluralismo educativo y niños vulnerables | Educational pluralism and vulnerable children. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 80 (281), 91-116. 10.22550/REP80-1-2022-01

Referencias | References

Alexander, H. (2012). Competing conceptions of authenticity: Consequences for reli­gious education in an open society. In H. Alexander & A. Agbaria (Eds.), Com­mitment, character, and citizenship: Re-ligious education in liberal democracy (pp. 153-160). Rutledge.

Arthur, J., Gearon, L., & Sears, A. (2010). Education, politics and religion: Recon-ciling the civil and the sacred in educa­tion. Routledge.

Baran, Z., & Tuohy, E. (2011). Citizen Islam: The future of Muslim integration in the West. Continuum.

Bedrick, J. Greene, J., & Lee, M. (Eds.) (2020). Religious liberty and education. Rowman and Littlefield.

Bryk, A., Lee, V., & Holland, P. (1993). Cath-olic schools and the common good. Har­vard University Press.

Bryk, A., & Schneider, B. (2002). Trust in schools: A core resource for improvement. Russell Sage Foundation.

Campbell, D. (2006). Why we vote: How schools and communities shape our civic life. Princeton University Press.

Campbell, D. (2012). Civic education in trad-itional public, charter, and private schools. In D. Campbell, M. Levinson, & F. Hess (Eds.), Making civics count: Ci­tizenship education for a new generation (pp. 229-246). Harvard Education Press.

Cesari, J. (2013). Why the West fears Islam: An exploration of Muslims in liberal de­mocracies. Palgrave Macmillan.

Chaplin, J. (2011). Herman Dooyeweerd Christian philosopher of state and civil society. University of Notre Dame Press.

Coons, J. (1992, April). School choice as simple justice. First Things. https://bit.ly/3BVa6bm

Cristillo, L. (2009). The case for the Muslim school as a civil society actor. In Y. Haddad, F. Senzai, & J. Smith (Eds.), Educating the Muslims of America (pp. 67- 83). Oxford University Press.

Dronkers, J. (2016). Islamic primary schools in the Netherlands. Journal of School Choice, 10 (1), 6-21. 10.10 80/15582159.2015.1131508

Engelhardt, C. (2013). Education reform: Confronting the secular ideal. Infor-mation Age.

Fortuyn, P. (2016). De Islamisering van Onze Cultuur: Nederlandse Identiteit als Fun­dament [The Islamisation of our culture: Dutch Identity as a foundation]. Karakter Uitgevers.

French, D. (2020). Divided we fall: America’s Secession threat and how to restore our nation. St. Martin’s Press.

Galan, A., & Glenn, C. (2012). Spain. In C. Glenn & J. De Groof (Ed.), Balancing freedom, autonomy, and accountability in education, volume 2 (pp. 479-502). Wolf Legal Publishing.

Galston, W. (2005). The practice of liberal pluralism. Cambridge University Press.

George, R. (1993). Making men moral: Civil liberties and public morality. Clarendon Press.

George, R. (2015). Five pillars of a decent and dynamic society. In J. Stoner & H. James (Ed.), The thriving society: On the social conditions of human flourishing (pp. 1-8). Witherspoon Institute.

Gibson, M., & Bhachu, P. (1991). The dy-namics of educational decision making: A comparative study of sikhs in Britain and the United States. In M. Gibson & J. Ogbu (Eds.), Minority status and schooling (pp. 63-95). Garland.

Glenn, C. (1988). The myth of the common school. University of Massachusetts Press.

Glenn, C. (1995). Educational freedom in Eastern Europe. Cato Institute.

Glenn, C. (2011). Contrasting models of sta­te and school: A comparative historical study of parental choice and state control. Continuum.

Glenn, C. (2018). Muslim educators in Ameri­can communities. Information Age.

Glenn, C. (2020). Challenges to educational freedom in Europe. In J. Bedrick, J. Greene, & M. Lee (Eds.), Religious liberty and edu­cation (pp. 75-88). Rowman and Littlefield.

Glenn, C., & de Jong, E. (1996). Educating im­migrant children: Schools and language minorities in 12 nations. Garland.

Goodhart, D. (2017). The road to somewhere: The populist revolt and the future of pol-itics. Hurst & Company.

Gregory, B. (2012). The unintended refor-mation: How a religious revolution se-cularized society. Harvard University Press.

Habermas, J. (2011). ‘The political’: The ra­tional meaning of a questionable inher-itance of political theology. In E. Mendie­ta & J. Vanantwerpen, (Eds.), The power of religion in the public sphere (pp. 15- 33). Columbia University Press.

Haddad, Y., & Smith, J. (2009). Introduction: The challenge of Islamic education in North America. In Y. Haddad, F. Senzai, & J. Smith (Eds.), Educating the Muslims of America (pp. 3-19). Oxford University Press.

Hargreaves, D. (1996). Diversity, choice and excellence: Beyond the comprehensive School. In F. Carnie, M. Tasker, & M. Large (Eds.), Freeing Education (pp. 10-23). Hawthorn Press.

Hewitt, I. (1996). Muslim schools in England and Wales. In F. Carnie, M. Tasker, & M. Large (Eds.), Freeing Education (pp. 120- 6). Hawthorn Press.

Hill, P. (1999). The Supply-side of school choice. In S. Sugarman, & F. Kemerer (Eds.), School Choice and Social Controversy (pp. 140-73). Brookings Institution.

Himmelfard, G. (1999). One nation, two cul­tures. Random House.

Hunter, J. D. (1991). Culture wars. Basic Books.

Kepel, G. (1994). A l’ouest d’Allah [West of Allah]. Seuil.

Kolakowski, L., (1990). Modernity on endless trial. University of Chicago Press.

Kotkin, J. (2020). The coming of neo-feudalism: A warning to the global middle class. En­counter Books.

Lasch, C. (1991). The true and only heaven: Progress and its critics. W. W. Norton.

Levin, Y. (2020). A time to build. Basic Books.

Macedo, S. (2000). Diversity and distrust: Civic education in a multicultural demo-cracy. Harvard University Press.

McConnell, M. (2002a). Don’t neglect the lit-tle platoons. In J. Cohen (Ed.), For Love of Country? (pp. 78-84). Beacon Press.

McConnell, M. (2002b). Education dis-establishment: Why democratic values are ill-served by democratic control of school-ing. In S. Macedo, & Tamir, Y. (Eds.), Mo­ral and political education (87-146). New York University Press.

Merry, M. (2013). Equality, citizenship, and segregation: A defense of separation. Palgrave Macmillan.

Mishara, P. (2017). Age of anger: A history of the present. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Modood, T. (2007). Multiculturalism: A civic idea. Polity.

Moore, K. (2007). Visible through the veil: The regulation of Islam in American law. Sociology of Religion, 68 (3), 237-51.

Niehaus, I. (2009). Emancipation or Dis-engagement? Islamic Schools in Britain and the Netherlands. In A. Veinguer, G. Dietz, D. Jozsa, & Knauth (Eds.), Islam in education in European countries: Pedago­gical concepts and empirical findings (pp. 113-129). Waxmann.

Onderwijsraad (2012). Artikel 23 Grondwet in maatschappelijk perspectief: Nieuwe richt-ingen aan de vrijheid van onderwijs [Article 23 Constitution in social perspective: New di­rections for freedom of education]. Den Haag.

Osborne, D., & Gaebler, T. (1992). Reinventing government. Addison-Wesley.

Popenoe, D. (1995). The roots of declining social virtue: Family, community, and the need for a ‘Natural Communities Policy’. In M. Glendon & D. Blankenhorn (Eds.), Seedbeds of virtue: Sources of competence, character, and citizenship in American so­ciety (pp. 71-104). Madison Books.

Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling alone: The co­llapse and revival of American community. Simon and Schuster.

Putnam, R. (2020). The upswing: How America came together a century ago and how we can do it again. Simon & Schuster.

Roy, O. (2004). Globalized Islam: The search for a new ummah. Columbia University Press.

Roy, O. (2007). Secularism Confronts Islam. Columbia University Press.

Roy, O. (2016). Le djihad et la mort [Jihad and death]. Seuil.

Sageman, M. (2008). Leaderless jihad: Terror networks in the twenty-first century. Uni­versity of Pennsylvania Press.

Salganik, L., & Karweit, N. (1982). Volunta­rism and governance in education. Soci-ology of Education, 55 (2), 152-161.

Sarroub, L. (2005). All American Yemeni girls: Being Muslim in a public school. Uni-versity of Pennsylvania Press.

Smith, C., & Lundquist Denton, M. (2009). Soul searching: The religious and spir-itual lives of American teenagers. Oxford University Press.

Soldani, S., & Turi, G. (1993). Fare gli ital-iani: Scuola e culture nell’Italia contem­poranea. I. La nascita dello Stato nazio­nale [Making Italians: School and cultu­res in contemporary Italy. I. The birth of the national state]. Il Mulino.

Taylor, C. (2007). A secular age. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

The Economist (2021). From rage to dis-illusion. Ten years after Spain’s indigna­dos protests. https://econ.st/3BxhgmL

Thiessen, E. (1993). Teaching for commitment: Liberal education, indoctrination, and Christian nurture. McGill-Queen’s Uni­versity Press

Thiessen, E. (2001). In defense of religious schools and colleges. McGill-Queen’s Uni­versity Press.

Todorov, T. (1993). On human diversity. Harvard University Press.

Weber, E. (1976). Peasants into Frenchmen: The modernization of rural France, 1870- 1914. Stanford University.

Wolf, P. (2020). Myth: Public schools are necessary for a stable democracy. In C. DeAngelis & N. McCluskey (Eds.), School choice myths: Setting the record straight on education freedom (pp. 46-68). Cato Institute.

Wolterstorff, N. (2019). In this world of wonders: Memoir of a life in learning. Eerdmans.

Zaki, Y. (1982). The teaching of Islam in schools: A Muslim viewpoint. British Journal of Religious Education, 5 (1), 33-38.

Zine, J. (2008). Canadian Islamic schools: Unravelling the politics of faith, gender, knowledge, and identity. University of Toronto Press.

Zine, J. (2009). Safe havens or religious ‘ghet-tos’? Narratives of Islamic schooling in Canada. In Y. Haddad, F. Senzai, & J. Smi­th (Eds.), Educating the Muslims of Ame­rica (pp. 39-65). Oxford University Press.

Author Biography

Charles L. Glenn is Professor Emeritus of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies at Boston University. From 1970 to 1991 he was Director of urban ed-ucation and equity for the Massachusetts Department of Education. Glenn has pub­lished more than a dozen books on historical and comparative dimensions of educational freedom and on the education of immigrant and racial minorities, most recently Muslim educators in American communities (2018), and co-edited a four-volume work with chap­ters on 65 national systems of education.


Licencia Creative Commons | Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License



Palabras clave | Keywords

civic, immigrant, Islamic, minority, pluralism, trust