El manejo emocional en maestros, un análisis desde la experiencia




This research article analyses the emotional management of 46 teachers in the department of Boyacá (Colombia) according to their level of professional teaching experience, from the theoretical perspective of Mayer and Salovey’s emotional skills. It uses a descriptive- comparative process with different perspectives across three stages: quantitative, qualitative and mixed. It also utilizes the MSCEIT emotional intelligence questionnaire, a semi-structured interview, and an observational analysis. The results show competent development of teachers’ emotional skills, but with statistically significant differences in emotional management by experience. The teachers also mention in their narratives that the emotional management that occurs in school interactions and in the educational process has two facets: difficulties and positive emotional management. Similarly, the gestures that are part of non-verbal emotional communication that supports this skill are established. Therefore, it is concluded that emotional management as a skill decreases as experience increases, given that emotional experiences in the classroom generate stress, emotional exhaustion, and even leaving the profession.

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Author Biography

Leidy-Tatiana Porras-Cruz. Master’s in Education from the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia. Teacher in early childhood education, and lecturer at the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia.


Rafael-Enrique Buitrago-Bonilla. Doctor in Music Education: A Multidisciplinary Perspective from the Universidad de Granada. Associate professor at the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia. Director of the Postgraduate School at the Faculty of Educational Sciences. Academic coordinator of the doctorate in Pedagogy and Didactics and coordinator of the Cacaenta research group.


Licencia Creative Commons | Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License



Palabras clave | Keywords

teacher, school, experience, pedagogy, emotional intelligence, emotional management, emotional development, teaching, knowledge, skill, training

Financiación | Funding

This research in the emotions and education line by the Cacaenta research group was funded by the Vice-Rectorate for Research and Extension of the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia.