The purpose of the author is to discuss the psychological fundaments of the Herbart school and to point out its bearing on the modern pedagogical method. Starting from the statement that according to Herbart's opinion psychology is only applied metaphysics, he reviews the metaphysical principles on which Herbart bases his phylosophy and he especially insists on the study of his psychological conception. From that study he deduces those Herbart's ideas which are still living in contemporary didactics: the critical revisión of the ancient doctrine on general education; the enunciation of those didactical ways which were formerly attacked by the modern school to end by adopting several similar ones and finally the educational teacning principle which, after having been deprived of its exclusiveness, rules the methodological activities of all the modern pedagogues who do not base their professional task on utilitarianism.

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